Basic Facts About the Moon for Beginners

By SpaceIL Kids Team
by:By SpaceIL Kids Team

A few facts about the Moon to get you started


Source: Suhtterstock


Source: Suhtterstock


Source: Suhtterstock


Source: Suhtterstock


Source: Suhtterstock


Source: Suhtterstock


Source: Suhtterstock


Source: Suhtterstock


Source: Suhtterstock

  • The average distance between the Earth and the Moon is about 384,400 km
  • To illustrate: The distance between Eilat and Metula [HB1] – from the South to the North of Israel, is: 500 km
  • The distance between Tel Aviv in Israel and New York in the USA is: 9,129 km
  • From Earth we can only see one side of the Moon. That’s why we call it – the Dark Side.
  • There’s no atmosphere on the Moon. The Moon’s gravity is too weak to be able to hold a layer of gasses close to it. This means that there’s no air on the Moon, and therefore no oxygen (which is one of the gasses that make up the Earth’s air).
  • The Moon, like Earth, turns around itself, but at a much slower pace.
  • A day on the Moon lasts two weeks! And so does the night on the Moon – it’s two weeks long as well.
  • During the peak hours of the day it’s very hot, and during peak hours of the night it’s very cold. Temperatures range between 170 degrees below zero (Celsius) to 134 degrees above zero.
  • The extreme temperatures are due to the fact that the Moon has no atmosphere.
  • The Moon’s surface has many craters (hundreds of thousands), mountains, valleys and vast planes.
  • There is no liquid water on the Moon. Lately it’s been discovered that there is iced water under the surface in the Moon’s polar areas.
  • Gravity on the Moon is about a sixth of the gravity on Earth. A person who weighs 60 kilos on Earth would weigh around 10 kilos on the Moon, much lighter.
  • The ground is rocky, covered with a layer of light powder: the surface is covered in Moon dust. When touched, the dust can scatter in any direction and sticks easily to various objects thanks to its viscous qualities. The dust is so thin it can penetrate the various systems of the spaceships.
  • In this enhanced photo from NASA, an astronaut’s footprint is seen on the Moon’s surface. The print is still there, do you know why? Think – what doesn’t exist on the Moon?

Want to find out more? Explore the various Moons on our website

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